The Definition of Data Communication in Networking and Its Two Types

In Computer Networking Skills, Computer Skills

On this article, we are going to figure out computer data communication, its definition and two forms of data communication. Then, we will list some examples of data communication and its purpose. If you are pursuing the information technology field, specifically in computer networking, you must understand how data communication works.

Data communication understanding is a basic provision in computing in advance of going further for higher levels of computing skills. Okay, let’s we go head to the data communication discussion points one by one!

Understanding Data Communication

The definition of data communication is a form of communication that is specifically related to the transmission or data transfer between computers. Or, between the computers with other devices in the form of transmitted digital data through a certain data communication media. In other words, data communication is the process of sending data or information from a source to the destination.

The Illustration of How Data Communiation Works

Two Types of Data Communication

There are two types of data communication in networking. The following are the two types of data communication.

1. Data Communications Through a Terrestrial Infrastructure

This type of data communication can be done using both wired and wireless media as its access. So, it is costly to build a data communication through terrestrial infrastructure.

2. Data Communication Through Satellite

This type of data communication can be done using satellite as its access. Usually, the area covered by the satellite access is a more extensive and capable of reaching locations where it’s not possible to establish a terrestrial infrastructure. But it could take a long time to process the communication.

The Components of Data Communication

Generally, a data communication has several components. The following are some examples of data communication components.

  1. Sender, the device that sends data.
  2. Receiver, the device that receives data.
  3. Messages or Data, the information to be delivered. It can be text, numerical, pictures, sounds, videos, or some combinations them.
  4. Delivery Media, the media or a channel used to transmit data. This can be a cable, light, or magnetic waves.
  5. Protocol, The rules that must be agreed by two or more devices to communicate with each other.

Data Communication Systems

1. Point-to-point Communication

The information from the source is only addressed to one recipient point only. Examples: fax, telephone, and telegram.

2. Point to Multiple Receivers (Multi-Communications)

The information from the source is addressed to some recipient points only. Example: a network using a switch.

3. Spread (Broadcasting Communication)

The information provided by the source is acceptable to all connected points without exception. Examples: television broadcast and radio broadcast.

Data Transmission Modes

1. Simplex

It’s a communication medium between a sender and a receiver that is one-way. In a simplex transmission mode, the sender’s side only serves as the sender of information, while the receiving side serves as the receiver. This transmission mode is also called as one way only.

2. Half Duplex (HDX):

This transmission mode is a method of communication that can be done two ways in turn (time is not the same). In other words, half-duplex transmission mode means that the sender can send information and the other side serves as the receiver. So, this mode is often referred to as a two-way alternate channel. A common example, two persons are using Handy-Talky devices to communicate.

3. Full Duplex (FDX)

It is a method used for continuous two-way communication. Where the sender and receiver side can communicate both ways at the same time. One common example of a full duplex device is a mobile phone.

The Definition of Data Communication

Finally, the definition of data communication is the exchange of data between two devices through some form of transmission medium such as a network cabling. Well, that’s all some brief explanation points of data communication. Hopefully, this short data communication article can be useful for you, especially if you would like to learn more about computer networking.

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